Bone Mineral Densitometry (BMD) is an examination to assess bone density, to detect possible osteoporosis or reduced bone density. Low body density leads to bone weakening and increases the risk of fractures. BMD is painless and uses a special type of X-ray called DXA at minimal levels of radiation. During the test, the lower spine and one of the hips are examined to provide information on the likelihood of having broken bones in the future, to assist in monitoring bone loss and in planning medical treatment.
Male over 60 years old and Female over 50 years old and those with certain medical conditions or family history are at high risk of having osteoporosis.and it is often covered by Medicare.